Gum disease is one of the most common oral problems in dentistry. While it’s easily reversible in its early stages, it can also be linked to some serious health conditions if left untreated, like diabetes, heart disease, or strokes.
Periodontal disease is caused by plaque and tartar build-up on teeth. Gingivitis, an easily treatable stage of gum disease can be recognised by bleeding, redness and swelling of the gums. It can usually be cleared up with a thorough in-office dental cleaning, which removes plaque and tartar build-up along the gum line and by practicing good oral hygiene at home.
Periodontitis, the more advanced stage of gum disease, may occur if gingivitis is not treated. In this case, more inflammation is caused by more build-up of plaque, tartar and bacteria, reaching even below the gum margin. Symptoms also include bleeding and swelling gums, as well as receding gum lines, bad breath, bad taste and sometimes even loose teeth.
It is highly recommended to get regular dental cleanings, so that your dental and gum condition never reach this state.